US Army SRT MILITARY POLICE SPECIAL REACTION TEAMS
Thoughout the last few decades of the Twentieth Century a wave of violent protest and viscous terrorist attacks swept across the Western world. Many of the these incidents were specifically directed at US Army personnel and installations. These attacks, coupled with the increased amount of violent crimes being encountered by Army Military Police (MP) personnel, caused great concern amongst senior Army law enforcement officials.
At the time that the Army was studying how to deal with this new threat, the Air Force had been conducting tactical team training for its Security Police (SP) units Emergency Services Teams (EST) at Lackland AFB. The Army sent a small team of MP's to Lackland, to attend the course. The results were deemed so successful that the Dept. of the Army (DA) mandated that all Army MP units, assigned to a major installation, form specially trained teams to respond to potential crisis situations. As a result, of this directive, all major Army posts now maintain the ability to deploy a MP Special Reaction Team, or SRT. SRTs are the Army's version of a civilian SWAT team.
SRT's are deployed in the event that a situation develops that is beyond the scope of the regular MP units, assigned to that installation. Possible scenarios that may call for the deployment of an SRT include:
Potential SRT members are selected from the ranks of experienced MPs. After passing an initial selection which includes
a physical fitness test, a psychological screening, and a records review; candidates then attend a two week long SRT 1
course at the US Army Military Police School. During the 160 hr. course of instruction students receive instruction in
selective firing, physical training, rappelling, breaching techniques, and tactics. Students must successfully complete eight
scenarios, including some conducted at night, to graduate. SRT marksman-observers (snipers) attend a separate one
week long SRT 2 course. Team members receive additional training at US Army, civilian, and military training courses.
A standard SRT consists of a least 9 men led by a team leader, who holds the rank of E-6, or above. 5-6 men compromise the entry team, with the remaining four men making up two-2 man marksman-observer teams. The entry team is broken down into:The teams are outfitted with standard Army BDUs, black kevlar helmets, tactical thigh holsters, and various tactical vests with built in radios. Weapons available for employment by team members include: M-9 Barretta pistols, M-16 and M-4 rifles, HK MP-5 SMGs, Remington 870 shotguns, and M-24 sniper rifles (modified Remington 700s).