The Swedish Navy contains a number of specialized, and elite units with which to perform its assigned duties. One of this units, known as the Rojdykaredivision (Mine Clearance Diver Division), is responsible for the selection, training, and operations of the Swedish Navy's mine clearance divers. Based at Karlskorna, the unit is tasked with performing Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) and shallow water mine clearance operations.
Rojdykare (Mine Clearance Divers) are selected from the top 10% of naval recruits (along with the Coastal Rangers and Attack Divers). Each year approximately 300 men volunteer for the arduous selection process. Of this original group it is not unusual for less than 10 % to successfully complete training.
Rojdykare training is conducted over a period of 21 weeks, and is divided into several phases. The initial training phase consists of a basic selection course. This phase includes a number of motivational and physical ability tests. Conducted over a three day period, the tests are designed to eliminate those volunteers not meeting the strict physical, and mental requirements of the unit. Most of the recruits who fail to complete the program do so at this point.
The second phase of training consists of three months of naval basic training conducted at the Karlskorna naval base. Upon successful completion of Naval Basic Training, the recruit will report for two weeks of pre dive training. Once complete the recruit will then report to the Rojdykaredivision training center, located at Skredsvik naval base, for three months of EOD, and dive training.
The course provides instruction in SCUBA as well as closed circuit diving equipment, explosives handling, underwater demolitions, underwater photography, dive medicine, mine warfare, naval gunnery, and explosive ordnance disposal techniques for a variety of munitions. Recruits are also expected to maintain a high standard of physical fitness thoughout their training. They conduct daily long distance runs and swims to maintain their endurance.
Upon completion of training the newly commissioned Rojdykare will be assigned to one of the Swedish Navy's mine sweepers for the remainder of his service. Usually there will be nine divers per ship (two officers, an NCO, and three enlisted). Once a diver has completed his active service tour he will be war posted to one of the Navy's minewarfare groups.